Category Archive : Space

All about Doug Hurley, the astronaut in SpaceX launching

Hurley is as cheerful about the groundbreaking flight as Behnken. It was shown in an identical meeting on 1 May that it was a significant privilege for him to be a key component on the plane.  He mentioned that the project is now a decade underway and that both he and Behnken also collaborated for many years before the venture, for NASA’s industrial equipment company and SpaceX. He said it was a “tough road to reach where they are today.  On the other hand, Hurley is married to a NASA cosmonaut, like Behnken. Hurley’s wife is a former astronaut named Karen Nyberg, who worked as the launch director, the international space station project manager at STS-124, and flight director for flight 36 and 37.

Additionally, Hurley also received a BA in structural engineering from TK in 1988. He was appointed as a second lieutenant in the United States in the Marine Division that year. In 1989 he took part in a mission training course at the Basic School in Virginia.After school, he worked on three western Pacific routes in 1991 and became a Navy aviator.  

Hurley was chosen in 1997 to join the US Naval Test Pilot Program in TK, Maryland, and later graduated from the Naval Strike Aircraft Research Squadron (VX-23), as a flight instructor and project manager. The very first Navy pilot to serve on the F/A-18E / F Super Hornet fighter planes was Hurley, and he became a very successful pilot. Approximately over 25 separate aircraft models, he has reported over 5500 hours of flight time.

As Behnken, in July 2000, Hurley was appointed as an astronaut at NASA. Upon two years of preparation, he was chosen as a pilot and allocated to professional positions in TK’s spacecraft department, acting as a leading probe astronaut support team, STS-107, and STS-121. Hurley worked in Star City, Russia, and as the NASA Operational Chief for Gagarin Cosmonaut Training Centre.

Furthermore, in 2009, Hurley initially launched to space as an STS-127 astronaut on the ST’s Endeavour. After that, he worked as the intelligence director of the astronaut department. Similarly, at the last Space Shuttle Flight, STS-135, he traveled on the Atlantis shuttle in 2011. Hurley was then named deputy manager of the flight test directorate professional crew project in 2014. He remained on the STS-127 for 15 days and operated more than 12 days in space with the STS-135.

Virgin Orbit’s First Mishap

Virgin Orbit’s launch is the firm’s first to go sideways. On May 25th, the firm’s report shows the rocket’s termination moments after its launch. The failure of the start is an attribute that the firm blames on the rocket’s sensor. The missile is a first attempt by the firm to fail to reach its destination.

Additionally, the firm’s substandard preparations are visible from its lack of live webcasts during the launch. The updates of the start are only available through social media.

Dan Hart, the CEO of Virgin Orbit, says that this is the first of the firm’s trials. He says the spacecraft serves as an indicator that they are still behind schedule in their operations. Hart reiterates that the issue of concern is still under surveillance.

Virgin Orbit says that the success of the first launch is not a guarantee. He retorts that they are at the right stage of the space industry. However, he adds that the second launch is underway to recuperate from the first fail. The executives agree that the first test is for the firm’s NewtonThree engine. Hart claims that the first attempt has been a smooth test. 

Hart states that the first launch is a clear lesson for the firm that air launch is a challenge. He further adds that though the flight was in the short run, the firm is improvising more technical systems to outshine the first one.

Hart comments that they are doing further research to ensure the success of the next launch. Various of the rocket’s equipment is under testing to identify their vulnerabilities and improve on them.

The company’s LauncherOne is an initial project of Virgin Galactic. The firm hopes to utilize the suborbital vehicles of the spacecraft on LauncherOne. Virgin Orbit is a subset program of Virgin Galactic. Virgin Galactic expects that the firm can use LauncherOne to expand its operations. They are positive that this firm can act as a source of growth for the primary firm.

Virgin Galactic’s separation from LauncherOne is to allow Virgin Orbit to be independent. The firm hopes that Orbit will take care of security customers. With effect, Virgin Orbit is acquiring more customers. The investment in this firm is going to ensure that it develops the best spacecraft and launch it into space.

Hart argues that LauncherOne is one of the best space launch vehicles. He says that this is the best vehicle for launching small satellites. Hart further recommends that the firm’s specialization on air-launch gives it ample time to adjust and flex its programs. He says that specialization also enhances the firm’s air-launch mobility.

Hart claims that they have the latest launch vehicle in comparison to their competitors. He says that LauncherOne is far ahead than the competitors’ upcoming space vehicles. Hart says that the team’s morale is still high, and they have more determination after the first launch mishap.

“The sense I have from the whole team is that there’s no doubt in anybody’s mind that we’ll quickly get to root cause and address it.”

In conclusion, Hart remarks that his team is going to source the underlying problem and emerge with the best rocket. He shares that his side is hearty to solve this problem and gear up for the next launch.

Space technologies in everyday life

Most of the people in the US worry about why the government spent a lot of money and time to develop spacecraft and its related technologies that lead to the exploration of the space. The technology has helped in the identification of the distant planet from the planet Earth. Currently, the Earth has a lot of problems that need long-lasting solutions. Early, the US spends billions of dollars on the technological development of the pace; for example, the budget for 2020 is 20 billion Us dollars. 

Most people cannot identify that the exploration of the space has a lot of benefits on the world in different ways, more so on the communication sector, Fostering on the economic growth, and the Earth observation. Space technology is very critical to the government, personal decision making, and the industries. However, most of the wide planetary brings the problem to the change in the climate; migration of people and humanitarian crises from the other horizons raises the question of how effective is the space technology reliable in the sustenance of life on Earth and the Earth itself.

Climate change has caused the difference in the weather throughout the globe and leads to harsh superstorms and the changing weather patterns, which are a significant threat in sustaining life on the Earth. The space satellite can do many such things as a prediction of the weather daily. The space weather has saved a lot of being on the Earth from the effect of extreme weather every year. Some of the major predictions are like the 1900 Galveston and Texas hurricane that caused 6,000-12,000 people to lose their life. The significant loss of life was due to a lack of weather prediction and early warning systems that ensure people are not on the path of the hurricane, thus reducing the harm. The NASA space data revealed the Ozone hole in the South Pole. The development of the mapping and weather apps is by the use of the Space technology that has helped most of the people to set their journey. 

The satellite monitors the greenhouse gases and the changes in the Earth’s climate indicators that allow us to analyses The ecosystem of the Earth’s health more effectively. Other technologies that come from the technology include the Semi-conductor cells for solar that reduce the effect of the greenhouse gases and the GPS. The GPS has helped in the reduction of fuel use and travel time by the use of the short distance  

X-37B spaceship set to ferry DOD and NASA experiments in the forthcoming mission

WASHINGTON -The sixth operation of the United States of America Air Force’s renewable X-37B spaceship is set to lift off on May 16 at the Cape Canaveral Air Force Station located in Florida. 

The X-37B Operational Test Vehicle 6 will be sending off to low Earth orbit by a United Launch Alliance Atlas 5 spaceship. The Rapid Capability Office of the Air Force is the owner of the Boeing-made ship that takes off and lands autonomously. The United States of America Space Force is accountable for the send-off, on-orbit missions, and the vehicle’s landing.

Barbara Barrett, who is the Air Force Secretary confirmed during a May 6 online event hosted by the Space Foundation that OTV 6 is set to carry more testing compared to any of the last X-37B operations.

The manager of the Air Force Rapid Capabilities Office, Randy Walden, confirmed in a statement that the future X-37B mission is going to be the first to make use of the service module in hosting experiments. The service component is an accessory to the vehicle aft. It permits them to continue expanding the abilities of the spaceship and horde more tests than any of the last operations.

Among the experimental payloads if FalconSat-8, which is a small satellite built by the united states of America Air Force Academy and financed by the Air Force Research Laboratory. The FalconSat-8 is set to ferry about five science payloads. Besides, there are also two NASA tests to study the outcomes of radiation and other space impacts on a materials sample cover and seeds required in food growing.  United States of America Naval Research Laboratory test will change solar power to radiofrequency microwave power that would then be passed on to the ground.

The Atlas 5 spaceship will take off in the 501 configurations having a five-meter fairing, one upper engine stage, and without reliable spaceship motors. The operation is called USSF-7.

The make and landing profile of the X-37B: Weights about 11,000 pounds and almost 29 feet long is similar to NASA’s space ship; however, it is about one-fourth the size of the rocket. The latest mission, OTV 5, launched on September 1, 2017, on Falcon 9 spaceship of SpaceX from the Kennedy Space Center of NASA. OTV 5 later descended on October 27, 2019.

China’s space evolution

Advances in technology carry on through an exciting space travel era. The introduction from 2019 LISA Pathfinder enabled everyone to “pay heed” to the cosmos utilizing Einstein’s velocity principle. Cosmonauts have enjoyed the first and only lettuce harvest planted in orbit. On Mars, it was observed salty indications of running mud.

NASA’s approach is nearer to attempting to send robotic systems or people to Mars on a developed space shuttle and rockets. The company issued a statement saying, “The spaceship from Orion NASA would deliver four explorers to flights further than the world, starting from Florida onboard the SLS, a future heavy-lift spacecraft that will offer crewed missions outside the Earth’s orbit. The move presents a whole new public knowledge.” 

The Soviet Union successfully launched Sputnik 1 in October 1957, leading to a period of designing and deploying private spacecraft in states worldwide. In January 1958, America initiated Explorer 1. In the years that followed, France and Japan provided their probe in space. Likewise, in April 1970, China was the fourth state to launch a spacecraft by launching Dong Fang Hong.

China’s increasing prominence in its position as a space agent attributed to the shift in the post-Cold War period. Around 2010 and 2018, China initiated 181 test flights, almost 1/2 times more deploys in the last four generations. Approximately one-third of these test flights have been carried out during the past two years. In 2018, China’s 38 releases were the biggest of any nation in the 21st century in a year. 

Most of the China-operated satellites form the backbone of the BeiDou satellite tracking Network developed as a complement to the US Geolocation and the Russian GLONASS networks. A maximum of 35 spacecraft of BeiDou is in space as of April 2019, outperforming the 31 GPS-related probes. 

Many countries are unable to build a domestic space system despite enormous technical knowledge and funding to grow rockets that can be efficient enough to carry a payload into space safely. It makes the overwhelming number of countries relying on their operations in space on international payloads. Also, the US depends on rockets designed from abroad to carry its payloads. But China is bucking this pattern. Over 96 % of China’s new orbital satellites have been deployed.

Chinese satellite launch technologies provide a Long March range of launchers that feature many versions with various specifications. The government’s aerospace engineering company, China Aerospace Science and Technology Corporation, planned and built long-term satellites in March.

More Space Centers Forced into Closure Due to Corona

Many space exploration companies are on a roll to allow its workers to operate from home. The industry with an approximated value of $400 billion is one of the many sectors that will see a shift in operations to working while at home. Experts speculate that this plan will not bring a delay to anything new. The industry is also increasing its planning to have itself situated for a substantial number of jobs taking place from domestic places. However, there are concerns that these policies may impede the growth and development of the industry at large.

NASA, Boeing, Lockheed Martin, and Blue Origin, among others, are only a few examples of the companies which have integrated the limit on corporate voyages to space. The agencies have inculcated special reorganizing activities and use the shifting of individual staff members to remote network regions. However, provided the coronavirus outbreak ensues, it will almost be impossible to develop multiple satellites and make software for specialized machines all while operating on research teams. The United States confirmed that the Johns Hopkins University

There is, however, no definite plan of action at the moment concerning the shift to cater for work from home. According to leader of NASA science division, Dr. Thomas Zurbuchen, the steps to have the plans come to realization are not yet in place 

In a posting made by the space agency’s Marshal Space center situated in Huntsville, Alabama, the center revealed that an employee tested for a positive match for the coronavirus. The outcome forced the center to call off all operations, citing a lockdown save for selected personnel scheduled for space missions explorations. At the moment, the center is recorded as a Stage 3 region prompting minimal access to the site. All non-essential employees are required to be off the grounds

Jody Singer, who is the current director at Marshall, assured the employees that all was well. The workers are expected to go home with a set of instructions to follow suit. 

The Marshall Space Center is among one of the space centers to close following the closure of the Ames Space center after an employee’s tests returned positive.  Ames Space Center is currently registered as a “Phase 3” site joining the ranks of other regions. The Ames center had a workplace coronavirus check during the week, but the NASA official explained that the center’s sensitivity remains minimal at the time though further tests are set to set matters straight definitively

The Initial Astra Flight for DARPA Launch Contest scheduled to launch on Saturday

A spaceflight company of California pursues to win the $12 million DARPA Launch Challenge is currently set for Saturday, February 29, following a delay of four days.

Astra which is a startup located in the Bay Area had targeted to launch its initial orbital operation on Tuesday, February 25 from the Pacific Spaceport Complex based in Alaska, as a component of the Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency (DARPA) send-off challenge, however, unfavorable weather intervened, resulting to a delay. 

According to the website of the DARPA Launch Challenge, Astra is currently aiming for the launch to be held on Saturday, for the duration of a three-hour window that avails at 3:30 p.m. EST (1830 GMT).

The company was famous for working in almost total secrecy. Very few information was known about their spaceships, launch attempts, and tests. The only unrestricted Astra spaceship sighting was by news aircraft in early 2018. Their initial spaceship called Rocket 1.0 was seeing being ready for an experiment at the ex-Naval Air Station Alameda located in California. Nevertheless, Astra lately came out of the gloom and has given some of the details about their missions.

As a result of a major winter weather occasion anticipated to affect the Pacific Spaceport Complex-Alaska on 2/25, the subsequently available launch window for the @DARPA #LaunchChallenge would be unwavering when the circumstances get better, and the countdown clock of the launch would be tuned accordingly.

The Lunch Challenge of DARPA targets to encourage the development of private American spaceships that can launch little military satellites less costly, effectively, and regularly. The challenge calls for two send-offs on the short note and a fast turnaround. The initial timeline requested for the new 38-foot long Rocket 3.0 of Astra to launch the initial operation between February 25 and March 1 and the subsequent by March 18.

A triumphant initial launch would award the syndicate $2 million, and on top of that, the subsequent launch would give a supplementary of $10 million.

Astra was invented in the year 2016. However, it only came out of stealth mode in the current month. Meanwhile, the company has conducted various ground tests; it has not yet launched an orbital operation.

Eighteen syndicates showed interest in the Launch Challenge of DARPA after its announcement in the year 2018; however, only three syndicates namely, Virgin Orbit, Astra and Vector Launch enhanced to become full contestants. Astra is the only company still pursuing the prize.

Here are the space business predictions for the year 2020

 

Back in the year 2019, the Space Force of the United States of America was officially established, NASA got a deadline of 2024 for returning America astronauts to the surface of the moon and private syndicates the globe over contributed billions of dollars to cater for ever y thing, starting from the spaceships to antennas. There is no sign of a let-up in the current year in the sector of space momentum. The following are twenty forecasts for the year 2020, as observed by SpaceNews journalists and correspondents.

Suborbital space sightseeing eventually reaches

After several years of delaying, both leading syndicates in human suborbital spaceflight might eventually join commercial missions. Virgin Galactic strategizes on moving VSS Unity, its rocket two suborbital space planes, to the America Spaceport located in New Mexico early in the current year for the last test flight series. The syndicate that became openly traded in October stated in fillings it anticipates commencing tourism flights by June. Blue Origin noted in the early days of 2019 that it is expected to begin crewed flight tests of its new Sheppard suborbital car before the end of the year. However, administrators later stated that it needed to execute a few more flight tests first without astronauts aboard. The syndicate has yet to unveil information regarding when the astronauts will begin commercial flights on the car and for what cost.

A flotilla of the Red Planet operations takes off

As much as four Red Planet operations are set for a send-off in the current year; the most determined activities are the NASA’s Red Planet 2020 rover that would gather samples for homecoming on two missions in the first half of 2020 in collaboration with ESA. The main question, although, surround ExoMars 2020 operation of ESA that suffered difficulties with its parachutes. A first set of tests near the beginning of the current year would decide if the operation could launch on a Russian Proton spaceship during the forthcoming summer or if it would have to linger until the year 2022. China is strategizing on its initial Red Planet mission, which would comprise an orbiter as well as a rover and a lander. The United Arab Emirates would send off its initial planetary operation, a Red Planet orbiter named Hope, on H-2A space ship belonging to Japan. Assuming they send off on set, all the spaceship would reach the Red Planet in the early days of 2021.

NASA agency requests more funds to be able to accelerate its operations

The President of the United States of America gave a statement requesting Congress to allow for an additional allocation of funds towards NASA’s efforts in space exploration. These funds would boost the NASA space exploration program Artemis in its mandate to scout the deep space. The mission is part of a lunar landing schedule that the agency set for 2024 and a further Mars landing happening later on in the program. 

However, things are not as smooth as they seem with the Artemis program as NASA’s administrative head has been in the spotlight over the running of the operation. NASA chief Executive Jim Bridenstine managed to tactfully maneuver out of a probe that seeks to establish the agency’s purported spending on the Artemis and what outcomes have been achieved so far in terms of performance. Regarding the Artemis program probe, Bridenstine turned the information seekers’ attention towards the slow budgeting process and the prospects that lay in the new document.

However, the document recently reached congressional hearing and managed to raise interests. It comes with concern to the readers that the report looks to examine the expense as a wholesome mission instead of focusing on the Artemis budgetary expense program. 

Congress will, however, want to know how much the Artemis moon landing has consumed since its launch. A look into the included budgetary allocation in the document shows that the program will consist of an $8.8 billion funding for the current year and a planned budget of $12.4billion for the next year. The space agency is also set to receive a potential increase in funding to $13.3 billion for 2022 while a scheduled 2023 $15.8billion budgetary allocation. The subsequent year, 2024, would see a decrease in the space agency’s spending to $15.3billion with subsequent drops in fiscal distribution to $13.5billion for the year 2025.

According to the plans laid out by NASA, the space agency would need a total of $87billion in an elongated period of 10 years. However, NASA speculates that the money, when allocated, will be used to get the agency a sure footing on the moon. Should the NASA Artemis program become a success, humanity will have achieved to build a space-based colony in terms of an operation base on the moon. NASA plans to use the station as a stopover for deep space voyages. Should the allocation go through, the agency will be on a timeline to have its program cleared in due time 

Newly Launched Space Force a Source of Questions

Security is perhaps an essential modern-day commodity. Its usefulness cannot be overstated enough. With the constant spread to intergalactic and deep space travel, preparation for the unknown is the essential part of innovation

Enter the Space Force, the American answer to interplanetary threats from the galaxy. Up until recently, space travel was a high and dandy affair, however possible risks from other life forms. However, the real question to ask is not what but why. With the establishment of such a force, it forces them to ask what the objective of such a force will be

According to America, the Space Force will be the United States first frontier line of defense in case of threats from space. The authority will also be tasked with representing the interests of the United States in space-based matters against opposing forces like Russia and China

Yet the primary role of the Space Force is not known. Recent postings online show that the force already has a uniform in place. The logo consists of a space photo of blue earth; with two infer crossing white likes at obtuse angles. The uniform will be an original camouflage design that comes with a blue space US Space Force badge on the torso area and a full American flag on the left shoulder

This era has been particularly suitable for the Space Force after it received its very first general, Gen John Jay Raymond, as the chief of space operations. He has reported that this new branch is expected to be a tech induced force

According to US Secretary of Defence, Mark Esper, countries have been warring if out since time immemorial. The move solidifies the space to tier as a means of defending the interests of the American public

In a speech after his confirmation as the Chief of Space Operations, John Raymond took the opportunity to be grateful for the new task ahead

However, word has it that the security force is a brainchild of a rogue statement made by President Donald Trump in 2018 March. Experts divulge that the space force indeed providers the notion that rye United States is farther ahead in tyre space race compared to its rivals

As the situation is at the moment, the space force is still in its initial stages. However, there is high speculation that the force will grow. The Space Force has full backing from trumps deferral government and space agency NASA